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«Public Administration Issues» Journal,

Post. address:
National Research University
Higher School of Economics
20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation
Location address:
of. 307, 4/2, Slavyanskaya sq., Moscow 109074, Russian Federation

Tel./fax: 7 (495) 772-95-90, ext. 12631

E-mail: vgmu@hse.ru 

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two-year  impact factor for 2016: 1,505
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Russian Science Citation Index
five-year  impact factor for 2017: 1,368

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Research and educational journal
Published quarterly since 2007
ISSN 1999-5431
E-ISSN 2409-5095

Nadezhda Chub 1, Alfonso Chechere 2
  • 1 PhD in Law, Associate Professor of Constitutional Law, Southwestern State University (SWSU), 94, 50 Years of October Str., Kursk, Russian Federation.
  • 2 Professor of Municipal Law, Department of law, University of Naples Federico II, 40 Corso Umberto I, 80138 Naples, Italy.

GENDER RATIO OF STAFF: EXPERIENCE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD

2020. No. 1. P. 197–223 [issue contents]
Balanced gender representation in local government authorities is capable of introducing new solutions to social and economic issues in the activities of the municipal community, forming additional competencies, and improving professional competition. The goal of the study is providing a comprehensive description of the legal regulation of gender rights implementation in public authorities; identifying municipal practice in Russia and foreign countries in this aspect; making proposals for the adjustment of legislation in the field of gender equality. In view of this, a comparative analysis of legal and judicial regulation of the principle of gender equality in Russia and foreign countries has been conducted; the research summarizes the data from more than 200 electronic databases containing the results of 2017–2019 municipal elections, which were presented on the official websites of the Russian Federation municipalities, its regional associations, electoral commissions; the paper explores the figures of state statistical report on the employment of men and women in local government (2016–2019). Based on the analysis of analytical reports of international bodies, the world rating of the countries in the sphere of gender equality observance has been established. The use of a quantitative criterion – a quota of 30–40% – in foreign models of gender representation, the implementation of administrative monitoring of its compliance and effective judicial protection indicate a high level of guarantee of a balanced sex ratio in public authorities (Italy, Norway, Sweden). The municipalities of the Kursk Region as a constituent subject of the Russian Federation with the organization of local government being typical of Central Federal District and the city of Moscow as a city of federal significance reveal the dependence of representation degree of the sexes on the following factors: the type of a municipality, distance from the center, the state of its material base, the number of population, specificity of way of life. The results obtained allow us to conclude that the lack of gender ratio requirement in Russia destabilizes the diversified  nature of municipal management, narrows the search for opportunities of professional and intellectual self-realization of citizens, and suppresses the activity of social groups. The conclusion has been made about insufficient attention of lawmaking bodies to measures of ensuring the rights of women in the sphere of their eligibility for public office. The trends of territorial consolidation of municipalities in Russia, and hence the change in the ratio of the population, the deputy corps will make it possible to solve this issue in the new legal field.

Citation:
Chub, N.V. & Chechere, A.M. (2020). Gendernoe sootnoshenie kadrov: Opyt mestnogo samoupravleniya v Rossii i za rubezhom [Gender Ratio of Staff : Experience of Local Government in Russia and Abroad]. Public Administration Issue, no 1, pp. 197–223 (in Russian).
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ISSN 1999-5431
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