«Public Administration Issues» Journal,

Post. address:
National Research University
Higher School of Economics
20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation
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Research and educational journal
Published quarterly since 2007
ISSN 1999-5431
E-ISSN 2409-5095

Vladimir Benevolenski1, Y. Shmulevich 2
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation
  • 2 Division head, Development of the nonprofit sector, Department of innovation development, ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation , Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation. 1, 3 1-st Tverskaya-Yamskaya Str., Moscow 125993, Russian Federation

Government support for socially oriented NPOs: Foreign experience

2013. No. 3. P. 150–175 [issue contents]
The article analyses a set of measures of government support to socially oriented nonprofit organizations (SO NPOs) which were enacted in 2009–2013 in Russia. The analysis is aimed at assessing this Russian regulatory framework designed to channel government support to SO NPOs by comparing it with the tools of government, employed to facilitate cross-sector partnership in the delivery of social services in the selected foreign countries. For a theoretical framework of the investigation of interaction between government and SO NPOs we rely on the demand / supply model and in particular on the theory of market and government "failure". The employed empirical material includes full-text versions of the relevant Russian Federal norms and regulations, selected matching documents of foreign countries as well as data of sociological surveys of Russian NPOs conducted by HSE. Firstly, principles used by Russian law-makers to define legally the subsector of SO NPOs are investigated. Analysis of the tools of the government support, introduced by the enacted norms and regulations, is then arranged by the major form of support: financial, transfer of property rights, tax incentives etc. The data are featured on the scope of the government support to SO NOPs at the federal level of government and in part at the level of regions. International comparisons follow. Overall the set of measures discussed constitutes a serious positive innovation in the Russian government practices vis-à-vis SO NPOs. It shows the substantial similarity with the government tool kits, employed to support  NPOs elsewhere in the world. This relates to the criteria of legal eligibility for support and to the composition of the tool kit, which includes government subsidies / grants, tax incentives etc. There remains room for expansion of the Russian tool kit. In implementing new legal norms attention must be paid to keeping administrative barriers to access to the government support reasonably  low, in particular to small NPOs constituting a majority in the Russian nonprofit sector.
Citation: Benevolenskiy Vladimir B., Shmulevich Yekaterina O. (2013) Gosudarstvennaya podderzhka sotsial'no orientirovannykh NKO: zarubezhnyy opyt [Government support for socially oriented NPOs: Foreign experience] Public Administration Issues, no 3, pp. 150-175 (in Russian)
ISSN 1999-5431
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