Public Administration Issues, 2023 (6) en-us Copyright 2023 Wed, 27 Sep 2023 16:23:46 +0300 INTRODUCTION ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS IN THE BRICS AND CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: IMPROVING GOVERNANCE AND GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE (REVIEW OF THE BRICS SYMPOSIUM, MOSCOW, 20-21 OCTOBER 2022) EVOLUTION OF THE BRAZILIAN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION This manuscript analyzes the changes in Brazilian public administration over the years and the attempts to reform and improve the effectiveness of the delivery of public services. There are three main  modes of operation in the  Brazilian public administration:patrimonialism, bureaucratic and managerial. Even though reforms have taken some effect over the decades, all three modes subsist in different forms in the public organizations. After the democratization of the country, there has been a decentralization process and a growing influence of civil society on public affairs, but accountability is still low.  Reforms were carried out by authoritarian and democratic governments from different political spectrums, but the quality of public administration and governance still suffers from ineffectiveness in the delivery of public services and patrimonialism, resulting in many cases of corruption and mismanagement. The worsening of the financial situation of the country tends to aggravate the situation in the future. ADMINISTRATIVE AND CIVIL SERVICE REFORMS IN RUSSIA: RECENT TRENDS AT THE TIME OF TURBULENCE The article examines the changes in governance that have taken place in Russia since 2019, with a particular focus on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (which persisted until early 2022) and the ongoing military operation in Ukraine (which began in February 2022). The article discusses the specific characteristics of the reform efforts during these two distinct phases. Among the reforms of governance in Russia in this period, two central interrelated reforms, the reform of the civil service, and administrative reform are analyzed. The agenda of changes and their main directions have been studied for each of the reforms. It is argued that the main focus of the reforms is on the change of planning, the formation of integrated services, the digitalization of public service and services, the change in the regulatory climate, the "top-down" evaluation of the effectiveness of the apparatus, the development of flexible schemes of initiative budgeting. There is a change also in the orientation of education in the field of public administration.The transition from COVID -19 to the sanction period of the reforms is characterized primarily by changes in the motivation of the apparatus, an emphasis on the security of managerial decision-making and the protection of electronic communications, a predominant increase in wages for the military and law enforcement services, a smooth departure from the stages of the Bologna education system ( Master's and  Bachelor's degrees). RECENT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORMS IN INDIA AND IMPACT In recent years India has introduced a number of public administrative reforms to encourage greater efficiency, transparency, accountability, and corruption-free governance, and reduced scope for discretion.Against this background of changing times, the paper describes the initiatives taken in India to redefine the role of government and the bureaucracy with a focus on good governance. The paper also discusses the reform measures undertaken in India to strengthen and enhance public administration adopting the e-governance route and empowering citizens. CONTINUITY VERSUS CHANGE: EVOLVING TRAJECTORIES OF CHINESE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION China’s public administration system has been shaped by incremental reforms since China started its reform and opening up in 1978. These reforms highlighted a delicate balance between continuity and change so gradual, incessant, and autonomous adaptation to China’s socioeconomic development as well as to its external environment could happen. Since China moved into the “deep-water zone” in the recent decade, does this reform strategy remain effective? This article examines the Chinese way of introducing public administration reforms, with a focus on the reforms in the past decade. Although incremental reform has in general been kept useful, changing internal and external conditions in China have made it more difficult to achieve innovations and systematic transformation through incremental reforms. An apparent approach to politicization has replaced the fragile politics-administration dichotomy and reshaped the way of value balancing in China’s administrative system.  PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PERFORMANCE: NEW EUROPEANUNION MEMBER STATES Measuring the performance of public administration systems represents a typical “wicked problem”, as it involves a  number of complex implementation  issues. However,  even in the current period, when the ideology of New Public Management is dead for most experts, the European Union, international organizations and think tanks are trying to measure and compare the performance of public administration systems of countries. This paper summarizes the  main initiatives of the European Union in this field and tries in its main part to  review the situation of the new European Union member states from Central and Eastern Europe. Qualitative secondary analysis of data and simple statistics are the main methods of this paper, which is an original contribution to its general  topic.The findings show that the main tools used by the European Union to measure and manage the performance of public administration  in the member and candidate countries are the European Semester, the recent EUPACK project, the standards developed by SIGMA OECD for the candidate countries and various statistical surveys. The data obtained   show that the  performance of public  administrations in the new EU Member States from the CEE region  varies widely, with most of them being “followers”. The reasons for such large differences in performance should be the subject of  further research. EGYPT GOVERNMENT EXCELLENCE AWARD: WHO’S PERSPECTIVE IS BEING ASSESSED? This research assesses the gap between how citizens perceive government performance and how the government evaluates itself based on the criteria identified as New Public Management (NPM) practices and the criteria used by the Egyptian government in its excellence awards. Criteria assessed included performance orientation, transparency and accountability, innovation and creativity, and responsiveness. This research is empirical in nature and utilizes exploration and description to serve the theoretical background. A gap exists between the archival measure used by the government to assess and award excellence, and the perceptual measures reflected in citizens’ responses regarding how worthy the institution researched deserves the excellence award granted by the government. The findings of this paper suggest that NPM application in the Egyptian context does not show improvements in public service delivery and that receiving the Government Excellence Award has minimal impact on citizen perception of the institution receiving the award. THE KEY FACTORS TO IMPROVE THE GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: A LESSON FROM INDONESIA This study aims to identify the critical factors for enhancing the government performance management system in Indonesia. The research was carried out in three major provinces: Yogyakarta, South Sumatra, and West Java Province. Employing a mixed-method approach, the study utilized descriptive research with both quantitative and qualitative analyses. The quantitative analysis involved multivariate regression analysis conducted using R-Studio, while the qualitative aspect included insights from selected key informants. The findings of the study highlight that leadership commitment and internal policy support are the most influential factors in sustaining the government performance management system in Indonesia. Additionally, such factors as organizational structure stability, working culture, conformity to national policies, clarity of performance cascading, and quality of human resources showed positive correlations. However, the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) was found to have no comprehensive correlation in supporting performance management systems. FROM TRADITIONAL TO INNOVATIVE PUBLIC SERVICE: A REVIEW OF PARADIGM SHIFTS This research paper presents a comprehensive overview of paradigm shifts in public administration over time and their implications for public service delivery. The paper starts with the Old Public Administration and moves into the New Public Management. It then delves into post-NPM trends, including the New Public Service, New Public Governance, Public Value Management, Digital Era Governance, and the Whole of Government approach. Each paradigm is discussed in detail, highlighting its unique features and their effects on public service delivery. Overall, this paper makes a significant contribution to the field of public service, offering valuable insights for policymakers, administrators, service providers, scholars, and practitioners.