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«Public Administration Issues» Journal,

Post. address:
National Research University
Higher School of Economics
20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation
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Research and educational journal
Published quarterly since 2007
ISSN 1999-5431
E-ISSN 2409-5095

Viktória Bobáková 1, Lucia Rožová 2
  • 1 Full Professor, PhD; Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Faculty of Public Administration, Department of Economics and Management of Public Administration, 66 Popradská, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic.
  • 2 PhDr., Student of the 3rd level of higher education, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Faculty of Public Administration, Department of Economics and Management of Public Administration, 66 Popradská, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic.

The Income Base of District Towns in the Slovak Republic

2019. No. 6. P. 121–134 [issue contents]
The primary self-governing unit of the local self-governing body in the Slovak Republic is a municipality. Its fundamental role is to take care of the comprehensive development of the municipal territory and the needs of its inhabitants. Currently, there are 2,890 municipalities in Slovakia, of which 140 are towns. Since these towns/cities play an increasingly important role in the economic, social and cultural development of the state, we deal with the evaluation of the economic results of the district towns in our article. We define
the assumption that the level of financial self-sufficiency is influenced by the level of economic maturity of the territory where the city is located. The research findings suggest that the indicator of financial independency achieves the highest values in those towns located within the territories of Western and Central Slovakia, thus, in the most economically advanced areas of the country. The towns located within these areas are more populated because of better employment opportunities and low unemployment rates. The fiscal decentralization assumed an increase of own tax revenues of local self-government, however, the goal has only partially been fulfilled. The most significant item of tax revenue is personal income tax, which is the only one with the character of a share tax. The redistribution amount and criteria of this tax are beyond the power of the towns, although the revenues from this tax are included in their own tax revenues. Since there are considerable differences in the economic levels of parts of the country and there are changes in the demographic structure and natural conditions, there is a need to re-assess the redistribution criteria of this tax into the budgets of the towns in Slovakia. We assume that this will result in a reduction of the differences in the scope and quality of provision of public services provided by these towns.

Citation: Bobáková, V. & Rožová, L. (2019). The Income Base of District Towns in the Slovak Republic. Public Administration Issue, no 6, (Special Issue II, electronic edition), pp. 121–134 (in English).
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ISSN 1999-5431
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