«Public Administration Issues» Journal,

Post. address:
National Research University
Higher School of Economics
20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation
Location address:
of. 307, 4/2, Slavyanskaya sq., Moscow 109074, Russian Federation

Tel./fax: 7 (495) 772-95-90, ext. 12631

E-mail: vgmu@hse.ru 


Major Indexing

Research and educational journal
Published quarterly since 2007
ISSN 1999-5431
E-ISSN 2409-5095

Yelmira Mukhametkaliyeva1, Aliya Bastaubayeva2
  • 1 Doctoral student of the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Сhief expert of the By-law Act Department, Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 33 Abay Av., 010000 Astana, Kazakhstan.
  • 2 PhD (in International studies), CIS countries Manager, Volt Technologies Ltd, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 9 Karskaya Str., 010000 Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Crowdsourcing as a Public Engagement Tool in Rulemaking Activities of Kazakhstan

2018. No. 3. P. 138–163 [issue contents]
This article aims to review and evaluate the process of publics’ participation in the discussion of regulatory legal act (RLA) draft s through the crowdsourcing platform «Open RLA», which is one of the components of Open Government.
The results of the expert interview, the content analysis of documents and portal «Open RLA» showed that the portal does not provide the proper level of public participation in the public discussion of RLA drafts due to several factors. First, there is a technical barrier in the form of a mandatory electronic digital signature for commenting. Second, there is a formal attitude and low interest of the state bodies-developers of RLA drafts in receiving comments in the framework of public discussion. Third, the implementation of such requirements such as the indication of the structural element, rationale for the proposal or comment submitted, requires special knowledge which means not every citizen is able to understand. Fourth, motivation of the public to engage in the process of public discussion is low. Fifth, there is no continuity of the process of public discussion from the moment of initiation to its adoption. Sixth, there is insufficient promotion of the portal «Open RLA» and informing citizens about the possibility of participation in public discussion. Seventh, the texts of the RLA drafts posted on the portal «Open RLA» are presented in professional language using specific terminology. Eighth, updating of the portal «Open RLA» is slow and do does not follow the rules.

Mukhametkaliyeva, Ye.M. & Bastaubayeva, A.J. (2018). Vovlechenie obshchestvennosti v normotvorcheskuyu deyatel’nost’ Kazahstana posredstvom ispol’zovaniya kraudsorsinga [Crowdsourcing as a Public Engagement Tool in Rulemaking Activities of Kazakhstan]. Public Administration Issues, no 3, pp. 138–163 (in Russian).
ISSN 1999-5431
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